The Stoic Series
“The goal of life is living in agreement with nature” Zeno of Citium (c.332-265 BCE)
Wisdom the ability to define what is good, what is not good, and what is indifferent.
“wisdom they define as the knowledge of things good and evil and of what is neither good nor evil…knowledge of what we ought to choose, what we ought to beware of, and what is indifferent.”— Diogenes of Sinope(c.404-323 BCE)
Courage the ability to retain strength of character and morals in the face of fear. Not the absence of fear but the strength to face fear.
“Sometimes even to live is an act of courage” — Lucius Seneca (c. 4 BCE- 65 CE)
Justice our duty to fellow man, to society. The morality behind how we act. Justice guides all other virtues; it is the moral compass. Focuses actions towards the betterment of the whole, rather than just the self.
“Justice is the crowning glory of the virtues.” — Cicero (106 – 43 BCE)
“And a commitment to justice in your own acts. Which means: thought and action resulting in the common good. What you were born to do.” — Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, 9.31
Temperance or moderation. Self restraint, self discipline and self control. The ability to choose long term well-being over short term satisfaction.
“Curb your desire — don’t set your heart on so many things and you will get what you need.” — Epictetus (c. 50 – 135 CE)
“You ask what is the proper limit to a person’s wealth? First, having what is essential, and second, having what is enough.” — Lucius Seneca (c. 4 BCE- 65 CE)
Run, Walk, Run.
Toro y Meninas
A colorful throw back to Pablo Picasso’s Cubist Style and an abstraction of Diego Velazquez Las Meninas. Background photo Alhambra, Granada, España 2019